Adaptive Seeds

New for 2017

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  • New Farmer's Almanac 2017

    “The New Farmer’s Almanac, Volume 3” by the Greenhorns

    The New Farmer’s Almanac, Volume 3: Commons of Sky, Knowledge, Land, Water. 

    By the Greenhorns. 2017. 360 pages.

    Forget the weather predictions and advertisements for “collectible” coins – this ain’t your typical almanac. Volume 3, with 360 pages of original agrarian content, essays, cartoons, imagery and historical snippets, harnesses the wisdom of over 120 contributors from the Greenhorns community of new farmers and ranchers. This volume explores the theme of The Commons, drawing from folklore, mathematical projections, empirical, emotional, and geographical observations of theory and praxis.

    The New Farmer’s Almanac is a great way to spend some time. Proceeds go to support the mission of the Greenhorns, a grassroots nonprofit that works to support new farmers in America. Makes a great gift and a must-have addition to every farmer’s (and aspiring farmer’s) library.


  • Adaptive Summer Lettuce Mix

    Adaptive Seeds Summer Lettuce Mix (Organic)

    Lactuca sativa. 28 days baby.

    Features varieties that have performed well in our hot weather lettuce trials. Includes crisphead, romaine, oak leaf, and butterhead varieties, making this mix work well for head lettuce or cut-and-come- again salad mix production. We recommend this mix for summer sowings in the Pacific Northwest.

  • alexanders greens

    Alexanders (Organic)

    Smyrnium olusatrum. Perennial/Biennial.

    This ancient plant goes by many names and has a long history possibly going back to Alexander The Great. Large yellow-flowered umbel blooms are highly desirable to beneficial insects. Aromatic black seeds give Alexanders one of its synonyms – Black Lovage. Leaves are comparable to a mild-flavored parsley, and are tasty in salad or used as an herb. Short lived perennial or biennial that will self-sow and grow in sun or shade. Plants are not true perennials, they tend to die after flowering (which may take a few years). With its noninvasive habit, it is perfect for the low maintenance or semi-wild garden. Native to the Mediterranean, the Romans introduced it throughout Europe, where it can still be found growing wild near medieval monastery gardens. The Romans ate the leaves, stems, roots, and flower buds as vegetables. Seeds require a period of moist, cold conditions for germination. Sow in fall or early spring. Very winter hardy, plants sometimes go dormant in the summer. We thank Alan Kapuler of Peace Seeds for introducing this cool plant to the Oregon gardening scene. Aka, Alexander’s Greens, Alisanders, Black Lovage, Horse Parsley, Macedonian Parsley, and Maceron.

  • California Giants Aster

    Aster, Giants of California (Organic)

    Callistephus chinensis. 90 days.

    Intense pom-poms of double, daisy-like flowers in bright and light pink, lavender, and white, providing a different palette than other flower mixes we offer. The color is so vivid on these it looks like someone turned the pastel saturation all the way up on grandma’s old TV. Flowers hold a long time both on and off the plant; long slender stems are good for cutting. Blooms to 4” across on plants that grow to 3′ tall. Annual.

  • Chioggia Beet

    Beet, Chioggia (Organic)

    Beta vulgaris. Round Pink/White Rings. 65 days.

    In our days as market growers, Chioggia beets were by far our customers’ favorite, and we loved them too. Dark pink on the outside, the inside features concentric rings of pink and white. The candy cane like appearance is as pretty as it is fun. But Chioggia charms the palate, too – much sweeter than red beets, with less of the “earthy” flavor that turns some people off from this nutritious root vegetable. Winter Chioggia beets are just about as sweet as candy. Plus, they don’t bleed as much as red beets when cooked, although the striping does fade away. Very good simply roasted with a little olive oil and salt. Green leaves. Heirloom originally from Chioggia, Italy, that has been in the US since the 1860s.

    Seed produced by Alan Adesse in Junction City, Oregon.

  • piracicaba broccoli

    Broccoli, Piracicaba

    Brassica oleracea. 55 days.

    A heat-tolerant small heading broccoli similar to broccolini. Where it really shines is not in its initial small head but in the endless tasty side shoot production. The leaves are as delicious as the tender green heads and sweet stems. Unique to the world of broccoli varieties, Piracicaba’s small shoots and loose florets make it seem like it could be the primordial ancestor of modern supermarket hybrid broccoli. Though originally from subtropical Brazil, we have found that it thrives in our temperate environment and tolerates some frost. Vegetable farmer Carolina Lees of Corvus Landing Farm located on the coast of Oregon, says that Piracicaba is one of her favorite crops for her cool summers, and her farmer’s market customers love it, too. Originally bred by the University of Piracicaba in Brazil.

    Seed produced by Corvus Landing Farm in Neskowin, Oregon.

    As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.

  • Darkmar Brussels Sprouts

    Brussels Sprouts, Darkmar 21 (Organic)

    Brassica oleracea. Green. 180-260 days.

    One of the most reliable, easy-to-grow open pollinated Brussels sprout varieties out there. Firm, sweet, dark green sprouts form on plants that grow to 3 ½ ft. We trialed every open pollinated Brussels sprout we could find; Darkmar 21 was the obvious choice for mid-season because of its consistent large sprout production and vigor in the field. A classic Brussels sprout variety that is popular in the UK but not widely available in the US. Sow in April or May for sprouts in November through February. For optimal sprout production, pinch the growth tip off in late August. Originally selected in Bedfordshire, England. Aka, Bedford Darkmar 21.

    As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.

  • Early Half Tall Brussels Sprouts

    Brussels Sprouts, Early Half Tall (Organic)

    Brassica oleracea. Green. 100-200 days.

    Forgot to sow your Brussels sprouts in spring? All is not lost! With Early Half Tall, you can sow in June and still get a crop of sprouts by autumn. For a good early rotation of this winter garden delight, sow in March or April – sprouts are harvestable as early as August. Nice, dense sprout formation on dwarf plants that grow to 2 ½ ft. Lower stature helps keep plants upright in windy conditions or in waterlogged soil. Early Half Tall is one of the few open pollinated varieties that has been well maintained since the introduction of hybrids.

    As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.

  • Nez Perce Dry Bean

    Bush Dry Bean, Nez Perce (Organic)

    Phaseolus vulgaris. Golden Brown. 80 days.

    A light golden-brown, small dry bean rivaling other beans for early maturity. With its mild and creamy flavor, Nez Perce is a good all-purpose bean, and especially delightful when cooked as refried beans. Similar to Indian Woman Yellow, but smaller and with a lighter colored seed coat.Very reliable and easy to grow in cool summer or short season areas. Short bushy plants show indeterminate growth but are easily harvested once most of the pods have dried down. As the name suggests, it is believed to originate with the Nez Perce tribe in Eastern Oregon and Idaho, however the bean’s history with the tribe is uncertain. Other similar bean varieties were grown by tribes further east and the seed may have been brought by settlers to the area. Grown in northern Idaho in the 1930s by Henry Marcus Purnell and maintained for decades in Idaho by the Denny Family. Our strain of Nez Perce comes to us from seed savers Aline Crehore and Steve Trimmell, who run a small seed company here in Western Oregon called Green Journey Seed.

  • Primax Cabbage

    Cabbage, Primax (Organic)

    Brassica oleracea. 60 days.

    Our all-time favorite summer cabbage! Primax dependably produces firm, round, pale green heads that range in size from 2-4 lbs – just the right size for our kitchen. We also love it because it manages to be both crisp and tender at the same time, and it holds well in the field. This variety is an old standby but has become hard to find in recent years as the seed industry has transitioned towards hybrids. We thank our friend and mentor John Navazio for supplying some of our seed stock for this grow-out!

    Seed produced by Deep Harvest Farm on Whidbey Island, Washington.

    As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.

  • Chai Thai Celery Leaf

    Celery, Chai Thai (Organic)

    Apium graveolens. 50-70 days.

    An Asian type that is similar to Chinese celery, but from Thailand. Chai Thai celery has long stems with strongly flavored large, jagged leaves that have a nice golden-green color. Asian celery is often used as a flavoring herb in stews, soups and stir fry dishes. The thin stems are rather different than the thick-stemmed celery most of us are used to. The flavorful leaves are the primary parts of the plant used – a little like celery flavored parsley. In Thailand, celery is one of the more common herbs used in cooking. We have found that Chai Thai grows well when planted in summer for fall harvest. We were sent this variety from Thailand by Sarah’s dad, who currently lives there.

  • Ventura Celery

    Celery, Ventura (Organic)

    Apium graveolens. 80-100 days.

    The classic American celery! An improved Tall Utah type, Ventura celery is named after the town Andrew grew up in. When he was a kid riding his bike around Ventura, California, he saw many fields of celery growing interspersed with strawberry fields and lemon orchards. Once one of the most common workhorse celery varieties, Ventura has recently become less common and has undeservedly been eclipsed by proprietary celery varieties. Ventura is productive and perfect for market farms and gardens alike. It has great sweet flavor with that delicious celery crunch. We find celery tastes better when grown organically, giving it more of that celery zing – especially when given lots of fertility and water. Good fusarium and bolt resistance.

    Seed produced by Pitchfork & Crow in Lebanon, Oregon.

  • Zloty Lan Chamomile

    Chamomile, Zloty Lan (Organic)

    Matricaria recutita.

    A unique Polish tetraploid variety. Tetraploid plants naturally have more chromosomes in the cell and this usually results in larger, more vigorous plants. Zloty Lan Chamomile is certainly bigger and higher yielding with a strong tall growth habit. We find it has a wonderful aroma that is somewhat less sweet than Bodegold. Tea made from the dried flowers steeped in hot water for less then a few minutes makes a soothing and calming tea perfect for bedtime, and for relaxing the mind and body. When steeped longer than a few minutes however it seems to be stimulating and enlivening. Chamomile is an easy tea herb to grow at home and is one of the key herbs used in Biodynamic compost preparations. Bred in Poland for commercial production and high essential oil content. The high essential oil levels are reported to be between 0.8-1.5% of which 4-12% is bisabolol and 15-20% chamazulene. The compounds in chamomile have been extensively studied for their health effects, many of which are anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous.

  • Crimson Clover

    Clover, Crimson (Organic)

    Trifolium incarnatum.

    An excellent winter or spring cover crop known primarily for its nitrogen fixing properties and high biomass production. Large, strikingly beautiful crimson flowers appear in the late spring and are great food for bees and other pollinators. In regions where the winter stays above 0°F, Crimson Clover is sown in the late summer and overwintered as a biennial. Can grow up to 3′ tall. Cover crops are a key way to build organic matter in your soil and protect from erosion. Perfect for summer under-sowing in crops like corn or squash that tend to stay in the field too late to get a traditional winter cover crop going. Hardy to zone 6.

    Seed produced by Praying Mantis Farm in Canby, Oregon.

    Photos by Carri Heisler of Pitchfork & Crow.

  • Plains Coreopsis

    Coreopsis, Tall Plains (Organic)

    Coreopsis tinctoria.

    Plains coreopsis is the true original of the coreopsis clan. The plants are loaded with bright yellow flowers that have dark maroon centers. Blooms reach 2” across, petals have nice jagged edges. Plants grow to 3′ with ferny foliage. A great low maintenance addition to the flower garden, the sea of blooms creates a superb pollinator habitat over a long season and right up until frost. Thrives in disturbed areas and wet soils but is also drought tolerant, naturalizes easily and is deer resistant. What more could you want? Native to the plains of the US but has naturalized throughout most of the country. Self-seeding annual. Aka, Calliopsis, Tickseed.

  • Kanchanaburi Coriander

    Coriander, Kanchanaburi (Organic)

    Coriandrum sativum.

    This coriander/cilantro has large seed with a fresh aromatic flavor. Selected for seed production, the plants are shorter and earlier to flower than cilantro leaf type varieties. Although it is not the primary use, this coriander has tasty aromatic leaves and roots that are useful in Thai cooking. Kanchanaburi coriander is a Thai variety from the town of the same name. It is a beautiful place in western central Thailand where the River Kwai runs through. We sourced our stock seed originally from Will Bonsall’s Scatterseed Collection, which is a priceless seed preservation project based in Maine. Aka, Kachanaburu Coriander.

  • Daydream cosmos

    Cosmos, Daydream (Organic)

    Cosmos bipinnatus.

    A tall productive and attractive cosmos covered with unique blooms. Plants grew 5-6′ tall for us. Daydream Cosmos flowers have a nice rosy center surrounded by pale pink. The bulls-eye pattern must make nice targets for insects with infrared vision because they are very attractive to pollinators. Stealing a few from the bees is worthwhile for pleasant cut flower displays. Blooms last indoors for more than a week if they are picked into water just as the petals are opening. Andrew says, “I think I now understand what a sunshine daydream is.”

  • Gourd, Lagenaria, Cucuzzi

    Cucuzzi Gourd (Organic)

    Lagenaria siceraria. Light Green. 65-75 days.

    The original zucchini grown for thousands of years in Europe, these pale green gourds are best eaten before they reach 12″ long. With their white flesh and very mild flavor they are versatile in the kitchen and can be used in any dish that calls for summer squash. The leaves and tendrils, known as tenerumi, are also eaten in Sicily. Fully mature fruit ripens to a woody rind that can be cured and used to make dipper gourds or creative Halloween costumes (octopus? elephant?). In our standard squash growing conditions, mature fruit topped out at about 4′ long, but this is the same species used in “long gourd” competitions – the current world record is almost 12.5′ long! Rampant, fuzzy vines produce beautiful white flowers that are pollinated at night by moths – in the absence of the right pollinators, hand pollination may be necessary. Would be a good candidate to climb up a shade trellis. The 1950s song “My Cucuzza” by Louis Prima is an awesome tribute to this garden specialty that may just inspire you to add it to your garden. Please take a moment to check it out – we promise that you won’t be sorry!

  • vulcan english wallflower

    English Wallflower, Vulcan (Organic)

    Erysimum cheiri. Perennial.

    Unique, 1 ½” velvety crimson flowers start to bloom early in the spring from a mid summer sowing the year before. Blooms in clusters that make a nice sweet scented cut flower. The plants are somewhat dwarf, growing up to 2′ tall, and do well in partial or full sun. They prefer soils with good drainage. We have some growing under rhododendrons and the combination is delightful. This species has a long history as an ornamental in Europe and deserves to be more popular in North America. Thrives in our Pacific Northwest climate. In other areas English wallflowers are often grown as biennials and are hardy down to -5°F.

  • dazzling blue kale

    Kale, Dazzling Blue Lacinato (Organic)

    Brassica oleracea.

    We’ve finally found a Lacinato/Dino/Italian type kale that’s special enough to add to our catalog. We present to you Dazzling Blue Lacinato, a kale that really lives up to its name. Captivating blue-green leaves on vibrantly purple stems with that classic Lacinato leaf shape and all of the flavor. More vigorous than any Lacinato we have grown and out- shined all other kales at the Taproot Growers dry-farmed kale trial. Also has a well-earned reputation for being more winter hardy than the standard strains of Lacinato. This variety was bred in and for organic conditions by Hank Keogh of Avoca Seed, who just happens to be married to our General Manager, Jo Erikson.

    Seed produced by Wild Garden Seed in Philomath, Oregon.

    As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.

    OSSI logo words color 200 x 147

  • north star polaris kale

    Kale, North Star Polaris (Organic)

    Brassica napus.

    The first release from our breeding work coming out of the Gulag Stars population. In keeping with the stars theme, we give you North Star Polaris. This participatory project is inspired by the Culinary Breeding Network (CBN) and we are happy to have Lane Selman and Chef Tim Wastell help with selections. After separating out 15 single plant lines of Gulag Stars we discovered this selection and were quickly impressed. Not the most frilly or the most colorful, we did however keep coming back to it with the thought, this kale is so perfect. Makes great bunches with a jagged silver-green Russian/Siberian style. Ribs and veins are white – resembling the popular White Russian. Vigorous with a sweet flavor, the young leaves are also great for salad mix. A true dual-purpose kale. Winter hardy with lots of sweet leaves to harvest all winter long in Oregon. An explosion of growth occurs in the spring after overwintering and prior to bolting, filling the hunger gap with tons of food. We are selecting this variety for uniformity, however it still shows a small amount of variation.

    As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.

  • Snizhynka Snowflake Lettuce

    Lettuce, Snowflake (Organic)

    Lactuca sativa. Green Leaf. 30 days baby; 50 full.

    A Ukrainian green-leaf type lettuce that has been very popular with commercial growers in Ukraine. The bright green leaves have crisp ribs and frilly leaf margins. Early to size up, Snowflake is a vigorous lettuce with good bolt resistant. Plants attain a very large size if not harvested young for salad mix and are tolerant of both cool and warm weather. Not the best for the hot extremes of summer or the coldest parts of winter, we recommend it for “nearly” year round production. Aka, Snizhynka.

  • Kazakh Honeydew Melon

    Melon, Kazakh (Organic)

    Cucumis melo. 70-80 days.

    Small green-skinned melons ripen to vibrant gold and have rm, very pale cream flesh with an almost honeydew crunchy consistency. Up to 5 softball-sized fruit per plant. Super tasty, early variety that is good for cool, short seasons or for folks that are getting their garden in a bit late. Very sweet when picked at the peak of ripeness. Also keeps well after harvest. Originally from Kazakhstan, as the name suggests.

  • Claytonia Miner's Lettuce

    Miner’s Lettuce (Organic)

    Claytonia perfoliata. 30-55 days.

    This cool-weather salad green is native to the west coast of North America. Small plants prefer to grow fall through spring, and/or in part-shade, and will regrow after multiple harvests. Almost heart-shaped leaves grow in pairs to 1-2 inches wide. Satisfying succulent texture with a sweet mild flavor. Packed with vitamins and minerals – one common name refers to its history of being eaten by miners in the California Gold Rush to help prevent scurvy. Most frequently eaten raw but can also be cooked. If you don’t harvest it all, it will self-seed and add a nice wild edible element to the garden. Aka, Indian Lettuce, Winter Purslane, Spring Beauty.

  • Amaranth Alliance

    Mix, Amaranth Alliance (Organic)

    Amaranthus sp. Flower. 65-75 days.

    A fun and beautiful way to explore amaranth diversity. Mix contains flower and grain types in a rainbow of colors, with several reds, plus pink, green, bronze, and bi-colors in the mix. Very ornamental – a festive backdrop for the garden. Equal parts Coral Fountain, Green Cascade, Love Lies Bleeding, Oeschberg, Rio San Lorenzo, and Sunset Goldilocks. All leaves and most seeds in this mix are also edible. This is a physical mixture and not a genepool.

  • mix birdfood bonanza

    Mix, Birdfood Bonanza


    Grow a garden for your feathered friends! Mix contains millet, sunflowers, lettuce, cosmos, and mustard. We have at times joked that our efforts are for the birds. Quite literally in this case! Sow in spring for a progression of seeds your backyard birds will love. We have been known to plant catch crops of some of these as a way to keep the birds from eating our actual seed crops.

  • pollinator party

    Mix, Pollinator Party


    Plant this mix at the edges of your garden to feed pollinators and invite beneficial insects of all kinds. Blooms in the mix start early with cilantro and dill and continue through frost. Several of these crops provide good bird food, too. Mix includes sun flowers, zinnias, tithonia, coreopsis, cilantro, fennel, parsley, dill.

  • Frizzy Lizzy Mustard

    Mustard, Frizzy Lizzy (Organic)

    Brassica juncea. 20 days baby, 40 days full.

    At this point in our farming careers, it takes a lot for a spicy mustard to impress us enough to decide to add it to the catalog. Frizzy Lizzy did just that – in the winter of 2014 (lows to 5ºF) we trialed ten B. juncea mustards in a very low-light, poorly drained section of our field. Frizzy Lizzy is the only one that survived. Perhaps its skeletal leaf shape has something to do with it. Maybe it’s because it’s especially dark red, which seems correlated to winter hardiness. Or maybe it just got lucky. Whatever the case, we were impressed enough to decide to plant it for a seed crop the following year. Best as a baby green, it adds a good spicy element, lovely color, and some bulk to salads.

    As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.

  • hungarian blue breadseed poppy

    Poppy, Hungarian Blue Breadseed (Organic)

    Papaver somniferum.

    Blue breadseed type. The light blue seeds of this variety have a delicious nutty flavor. With stunning dark purple petals, Hungarian Blue Breadseed poppy also makes a beautiful ornamental, especially when a patch or field is flowering all together. This Hungarian heritage variety is a super easy to grow and highly nutritious staple food. We are not the only ones who find the flowers captivating – bees, especially bumble bees go nuts over them. The pods do not shatter like most poppies, making it very easy to hand harvest seeds. Dried pods are also very nice in floral arrangements.

  • Pie Pumpkin Party

    Pumpkin, Pie Pumpkin Party (Organic)

    Cucurbita pepo. 80-90 days.

    We searched high and low for open pollinated pie pumpkins and were amazed at how few varieties we could get our hands on. After months of scouring the internet and the Seed Savers Exchange, we wound up with 11 varieties, including several heirlooms that came with no description or info beyond the name. We grew them all together, letting them cross freely, and this is the result. We’re hoping to develop a new variety or two out of this mix, but in the meantime are happy to offer the Pie Pumpkin Party. Typical pie pumpkin color and shape, fruit vary in size from 2-7 lbs. Some have slight netting on the skin like Winter Luxury. Each variety passed a taste test before contributing seeds to the mix. There were some definite flavor and texture variations, but all make good pies; Early Sweet Sugar Pie even won the annual Caughlin Pumpkin Pie Contest. Parents include Big Red California Sugar, Hondo Small Sugar Pumpkin, New England Sugar Pie, Paarman Sugar Pumpkin, Winter Luxury, Early Sweet Sugar Pie, and more, along with Cinnamon Girl PMR F1. This is a collaborative breeding project with Keegan Caughlin of Taproot Growers and we’re excited to see where it goes!

    Seed produced by Taproot Growers in Springfield, Oregon.

  • Taiwanese Quinoa

    Quinoa, Taiwanese (Organic)

    Chenopodium formosanum.

    A native plant to Taiwan and China, it is very rare in North America. Easy to grow plants are similar to lambsquarters, with a unique pink coloration. Grain type but also eaten as a salad green or cooked similar to spinach. We mostly use the leaves as a vegetable, but the seed is high in protein just like other quinoa. Taiwanese Quinoa is a great all purpose food plant. Very heat tolerant. The real magic happens when they grow over 6′ tall, producing seed similar to Andean quinoa on beautiful long trailing flower heads. Flower heads resemble Love Lies Bleeding Amaranth and similarly make great cut flowers. Late to mature seed but the plants can be cut and brought under cover to after-ripen. We put uncleaned seed in a pillowcase, throw it in the clothes dryer, set to no heat, and let it tumble for an hour or two – a great way to remove the hulls so it’s ready to cook. Recently added to the Slow Food Ark of Taste as an endangered food plant. We were gifted a sample of this seed originally by the lovely folks at Bountiful Gardens. Formerly know as the species Chenopodium purpurascens, may be considered Chenopodium giganteum by some botanists. Aka, Djulis, Purple Goosefoot, Giant Tree Spinach.

  • Treviso Mesola Radicchio

    Radicchio, Treviso Mesola (Organic)

    Cichorium intybus. 80 days.

    Italians have wonderful song-like names for vegetables. This variety is sometimes referred to by its long name, Radicchio Treviso Precoce Mesola. ‘Precoce,’ meaning early maturing or precocious, ‘Treviso,’ meaning the tall elliptic radicchio types originating in Treviso, Italy. ‘Mesola’ is the selection name made by the Italian seed company T & T. We have trialed dozens of radicchio varieties over the years and Treviso Mesola is a standout. Large heads have a deep red leaf color with crunchy white midribs. The superb flavor of radicchio’s fresh bittersweet zing combines amazingly well with grated hard cheese, vinaigrette and the classic Italian salty anchovy. Bitter taste becomes much more mild when first soaked in cold water before serving or when lightly cooked and added to a dish like risotto. Sow in July for October harvest. Later plantings are often successful due to this variety’s strong frost resistance, but it may not head up as well.