The first form of wheat to be cultivated over 10,000 years ago. Einkorn has much higher protein than modern wheat, but is much lower yielding. The name einkorn is German for ‘single grain,’ since it has only one grain per hull. Similar to emmer, einkorn is also spring sown and can be easier to digest for those with gluten sensitivities. Though this grain is easy to grow, nutritious, and delicious, it is very difficult to thresh the grain from the hull.
Seed produced by Lonesome Whistle Farm in Junction City, Oregon.
Einkorn seed can be damaged when it is removed from the hull, so we sell and recommend planting only unhulled seeds. Direct sow in weed-free, well-prepared soil September to October, or during a dry spell in early spring. Optimal seeding rate is 20 seeds per square foot, best sown 10 seeds per row foot in rows that are 6″ apart for ease of cultivation and harvest. Einkorn is usually very frost tolerant. Fertility and irrigation needs are very low if you have decent soil.
Harvest and Seed Saving
Harvest for grain or seed saving when seeds are dry and plants are no longer green. Dance, rub, or flail seeds from seedheads. Winnow to clean in front of a fan or steady breeze. Isolation distance is unnecessary for this self-pollinating grain. Save seed without worries.