Kale, Sutherland (Organic)
Brassica oleracea. 60-70 days.
Unique flat-leaved green kale from Sutherland, in northern Scotland. Many growth tips with small- to medium-sized, tender, sweet leaves on 3′ tall plants. Very hardy and tolerates the worst maritime winter weather, from freezing sleet and cold, to 70 mph winds. Makes the sweetest kale raab in the spring through the hunger gap, even sweeter than collard raab, and with many growth tips, you get a whole lot of raab. Has an almost prehistoric growth habit that seems like it would be right at home growing wild in the hills of Scotland. A true heirloom variety that was nearly extinct until it was gifted to Real Seeds in Wales, who got it from Elizabeth Woolcombe, who got it from Angus Simmonds, who researched kale in the 1950s for Edinburgh University.
This seed has been hot water treated.
As required by the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Washington Crucifer Quarantine, all Brassica family seed lots have been tested and found negative for blackleg (Phoma lingam) by an approved, certified lab.
Sow indoors with good potting soil February through September. Transplant about 3-4 weeks after sprouting. In our region, kale can grow through the winter without protection, and survives best when sown in June or early July for this purpose. Alternatively, direct sow March through September.
To maintain genetic diversity and prevent inbreeding, collect seeds from 10 or more plants of B. napus varieties, or 30 or more plants of B. oleracea. Cut seed heads when pods are dry, place on tarp, thresh by hand or by dancing. Winnow and screen to clean. Isolate from other Brassicas of the same species by ½ mile.